The Gender Gap in Physics, Operations or Computing Will Not Close This Centur
The gender gap for women who work on research and work in so-called STEM disciplines, especially in operations, computing, physics and mathematics, will not block this century if the slow pace of current reforms and reforms is not done, according to a study revealed today .
The study, conducted by all researchers at the University of Melbourne (Australia) and published in the exclusive journal Plos Biology, examines the number of male and female authors recorded in over 10 million academic documents.
With this technique they collected information from the past 15 years in more than 6,000 academic publications and 36 million authors from more than one hundred countries.
The main conclusion of this research is that, in spite of recent civilizations, it may be that gender gaps persist for generations in the STEM discipline, especially in surgery, computation, physics and mathematics.
Of the 115 disciplines analyzed, 87 have “far fewer” than 45% of authors, while only five are “much more” than 55% and the remaining 23 are close to gender parity.
Subjects such as physics, computer science, mathematics, surgery and chemistry are those who have very few women, while those related to health such as nursing, midwifery or palliative care are numerous.
In the case of academic documents related to physics and examined in the study, only 13% of the main authors with less experience are women.
And at a slow rate of growth of that percentage, exclusively 0.1% per year, the gender gap in this area will take 258 years to close, according to the researchers.
What is worrisome, moreover, is that the discipline with a high tendency to become a male district is that they move more slowly toward gender parity.
The relevant relevant fact of the research is that, one of the richest countries and with few researchers, the gender gap is particularly prevalent in Japan, Germany and Switzerland.
The gender gap arises in the different aspects studied in this research: men are invited to write posts about the disciplines they more often master than women, which are more difficult to publish in prestigious journals.
On the positive list, there is an addition to the presence of female names of one of the first pronounced writers, who often have very little experience, which means that the number of women choosing STEM careers is growing in all the world.
Finally, all researchers registered a series of actions that they believe could help close the gender gap, belonging to fair access to an informal professional network and recognizing “additional demands” beyond activities that traditionally fell on women when evaluating their achievements.